Skip to main content
Submitted by hilal on
img

The Muslim community in the United Kingdom and Europe has faced confusion for decades with regards to determining the start of Ramadan and Eid dates. This has resulted in severe difficulties for students, employees in the public and private sectors and even the self-employed.
Most Muslims falling in one or the other of these categories have not been able to take a day off from work or from their educational institutions to celebrate Eid due to receiving last minute confirmation as to the date of the Eid day. Even the self-employed, such as shopkeepers could not inform their suppliers and customers in advance as to which day, they would be closed due to last minute decision on Eid dates. As a result, many in the community suffer anxiety and uncertainty due to the unpredictability of important religious festivals such as Eid.
This situation arises because sighting of the new moon is mostly not possible in the United Kingdom due to the weather conditions and its northern location on the globe. Traditionally, groups of Islamic Scholars, Imams and mosque committees often have to wait until the last minute of the last night of the Islamic month to receive sighting reports from Middle Eastern and African countries before they could announce the first day of Ramadan and Eid. The disagreements among decision makers to follow the moon sighting report from either one or the other country often led the Muslims residing even next door to each other in Scotland, to start their Ramadan and celebrate their Eid on different days. The decision makers did not take advantage of the most advanced scientific knowledge and astronomical calculations available to them, either due to their own lack of understanding, or due to mistrust of the available scientific data.
The scholars of Islamic Law (Shari’ah) have been striving, during recent years, to find a solution to these issues in the light of Islamic principles and additionally benefiting from astronomical calculations. All this is to reach a consensus for determining the dates for the start and end of Ramadan and thereby creating unity on these dates among Muslims living in this part of the world, as a solution to our problem of reliable determination of the dates of Ramadan start and Eid.
The UK and Europe Hilal Forum is pleased to announce the following conclusion under the supervision of Ulama from various backgrounds. They will use Her Majesty’s Nautical Almanac Office (British Observatory) calculations leading to six levels of visibility of moon as follows:
A. Easily visible
B. Visible under perfect conditions
C. May need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
D. Will need optical aid to find the crescent Moon
E. Not visible with a telescope
F. Not visible, below the Danjon limit
By using this grading as per the observatory, the following criteria were agreed:
According to the Hanafi, Maliki, and Hanbali Jurists, the difference in the times across the globe does not affect the sighting of the moon unless there is an excessive distance, therefore resulting in a time difference of more than 12 hours. As a result, this leads to a difference in date between day and night. Thus, in Asia, Europe, Africa, and America, wherever the observatory reports the visibility of the crescent. It will be accepted.
In the UK, we follow the British observatory. It has a six-tier visibility code: A, B, C, D, E, and F. Tiers A to C result in the next day being a new Islamic month. Based on the observatory reports, the UK and Europe Hilal Forum will announce the date of crescents, so the exact announcement is made a year in advance. However, as a reminder, representatives of the UK and Europe Hilal Forum will announce the beginning of a new month and Hilal every month.

Based on the agreed criteria the Hijri dates for 2023-24/1445هـ are as follows:



img

First Muharram will be on Wednesday, 19th July 2023 and Ashura will be on Friday, 28th July 2023, in sha Allah.

It should be noted that the moon will be born on 17th July 2023 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

img
 
First Safar will be on Friday, 18th August 2023, in sha Allah.

It should be noted that the moon will be born on 16th August 2023 but according to the British Observatory, it will be in Category ‘E’ or ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

img

First Rabi’ al Awwal will be on Saturday, 16th September 2023, in sha Allah.

img
First Rabi’ al Thani will be on Monday, 16th October 2023, in sha Allah.
It should be noted that the moon will be born on 14th October 2023 but according to the British
Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be
below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

img
First Jumada al Ula will be on Wednesday, 15th November 2023, in sha Allah.
It should be noted that the moon will be born on 13th November 2023 but according to the British
Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will be
below the Danjon limit, not visible even with the help of a telescope.

img
First Rajab will be on Saturday, 13th January 2024, in sha Allah.
It should be noted that the moon will be born on 11th January 2024 but according to the British
Observatory, it will be in Category ‘D’ or ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will
be not be visible.

img

First Rajab will be on Saturday, 13th January 2024, in sha Allah.
It should be noted that the moon will be born on 11th January 2024 but according to the British
Observatory, it will be in Category ‘D’ or ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will
be not be visible.

img

First Sha’ban will be on Sunday, 11th February 2024, in sha Allah.
It should be noted that the moon will be born on 9th February 2024 but according to the British
Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will not be
visible even with the help of a telescope.

img

First Shawwal will be on Wednesday, 10th April 2024, in sha Allah.
It should be noted that the moon will be born on 8th April 2024 but according to the British
Observatory, it will be in Category ‘F’ for the cities/ countries listed above, which means it will not be
visible even with the help of a telescope.

img
First Dhul Hijja will be on Friday, 7th June 2024 and Eid al Adha will be on Sunday, 16th June 2024, in
sha Allah.
For supporting evidence, please see below:

Makkah

img

Rabat

img

Cape Town – South Africa

img

img

Dakar – Senegal

img
img

New York

img
img

San Diego, California

img
img

Santiago, Chile

img
img


London

img
img

Glasgow

img

img
 
 

Add new comment

Plain text

  • No HTML tags allowed.
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.